HDL or good cholesterol can be life threatening, says a new study

Contrary to claims that good cholesterol is beneficial to the heart, a new study has showed that very high levels may be associated with an increased risk of heart attack and death.

The findings showed that people with high-density lipoprotein (HDL or good) cholesterol levels of 41-60 mg/dl (milligrams per decilitre) had the lowest risk of heart attack or cardiovascular death.

However, the risk increased in people with low levels (less than 41 mg/dl) as well as very high levels (greater than 60 mg/dl) of HDL cholesterol.

People with HDL cholesterol levels greater than 60 mg/dl had a nearly 50 per cent increased risk of dying from a cardiovascular cause or having a heart attack compared to those with HDL cholesterol levels 41-60 mg/dl.

“It may be time to change the way we view HDL cholesterol. Traditionally, physicians have told their patients that the higher your ‘good’ cholesterol, the better,” said Marc Allard-Ratick, from the Emory University in Atlanta, US.

“However, the results from this study and others suggest that this may no longer be the case,” he added.

The bad effects of very high HDL cholesterol were consistent even after controlling other risk factors for heart disease such as diabetes, smoking, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL or bad) cholesterol, as well as other factors such as alcohol intake, race, and sex.

HDL cholesterol has been considered “good” because the HDL molecule is involved in the transport of cholesterol from the blood and blood vessel walls to the liver and ultimately out of the

body, thereby reducing the risk of clogged arteries and atherosclerosis, the researchers explained.

The study investigated the relationship between HDL cholesterol levels and the risk of heart attack and death in 5,965 individuals, most of whom had heart disease.

The results were presented at the ESC Congress 2018, the annual conference of the European Society of Cardiology in Munich, Germany.

[“source=indiatvnews”]

How internships can help you make a career change without any doubts

internship, career change

An internship can help you ease your worries about a career change!

A career switch can be a scary prospect – what if you cannot do well in your new job role? In such cases, an internship can come to your rescue!

Shubham had been passionate about teaching since childhood but could never muster the courage to follow it, due to his lack of confidence in public speaking. Soon, he completed his engineering degree and was placed as an analyst in a multinational company.

His job provided him with various good opportunities of getting industry exposure but he still had a persistent curiosity and interest in teaching and contemplated switching his career.

However, he wanted to take an informed decision before doing anything about it. So, he decided to explore teaching through virtual internships along with his job.

After sending in a few internship applications online, he was finally selected for a content development internship where he had to prepare video lectures based on programming concepts and other computer science subjects like theory of computation and graph theory.

By the end of the second month of his internship, he became quite popular among students and gained confidence in his teaching abilities. Now, he knew for sure that teaching was his true calling and decided to quit his job to pursue a full-time career in teaching.

Read: 10 reasons why you need an industry based internship for a successful career

A misguided career change can be an expensive mistake

Many students like Shubham, when taking the decision regarding the career path to pursue, either can’t follow their true passion due to lack of guidance or aren’t even aware of their real interests at such an early stage of their lives.

This is the reason why many of them decide to switch their careers after graduation or after a few years of doing a job. Not happy with what they are currently doing and looking for a change in their professional lives, many of them simply go for MBAs.

However, this could prove to be an expensive mistake if you do not have a perspective beforehand and later, realise that management is not your calling.

Read: 4 ways internships can help women restart their career

2 ways an internship can help you make a career switch decision easier

So, what should you do instead? Well, the answer is simple — do an internship! Why? When you decide to make a career shift, there could be two possible scenarios:

1. You have a certain career path in mind to go for but you are not really aware of what it truly holds for you.

2. You are not happy with your present line of profession but you also don’t know what profession will be most suitable for you.

In both the cases, internships can prove to be extremely helpful in making an informed career switch decision.

Career change can be a tricky business, but internships can help sort your mind!

Scenario 1

Talking about scenario one first, let’s say, you are currently working as a software developer but graphic designing fascinates you.

You quit your job and take up a graphic design position but later on find out that you don’t have the right aptitude for it and the profession isn’t congruent to your expectations. You’ll feel stuck again, right?

Here, taking up an internship would have been a wise choice because they require short-term commitment usually ranging from 1 to 6 months.

Internships let you test the waters before you take a deep dive into an entirely new professional channel. This statement stays true for both the cases.

Read: 3 reasons you should grab a summer internship at a startup

Scenario 2

Now, let’s talk about scenario two. Suppose you are doing a well-paying 9 to 5 job but your heart is not into it. You don’t enjoy your work and want to shift your career to some other profession but don’t have any direction to proceed in.

Here, internships provide you with the opportunity to explore different professions for a small period of 1-3 months. You could pursue multiple internships in various fields to get a perspective on diverse professions and experiment your way to find your true calling.

So, if you are not happy with your current line of work and wish to switch your career, do not take a rash decision and change your job or do an MBA.

Think through it, research well, and explore your options with internships as they’ll let you test your abilities and check if the new profession fulfils your expectations or not.

[“Source-indiatoday”]

Type 2 diabetes risk shoots up after losing a night’s sleep

Sleep,Type 2 diabetes,Diabetes

Being deprived of sleep for just six hours or a single night may affect the liver’s ability to produce glucose and process insulin, increasing the risk of metabolic diseases such as fatty liver and Type-2 diabetes, warns a study. Sleep deprivation has been associated with eating more, moving less, and having a higher risk of developing Type-2 diabetes.

However, it was not clear whether glucose intolerance was due to the changes in food intake or energy expenditure or to the sleep deprivation itself,” explained a team of researchers from Toho University in Japan. In the study done over mice, blood glucose levels were found significantly higher in the sleep deprivation group than controls after one six-hour session of wakefulness.

Triglyceride (fat) levels and the production of glucose in the liver also increased in the sleep deprivation group after a single wake period. Elevated liver triglycerides are associated with insulin resistance, or the inability of the body to process insulin properly. In addition, lack of sleep changed the expression of enzymes that regulate metabolism in the liver in the sleep deprivation group.

These findings suggest that intervention studies designed to prevent sleep deprivation-induced hepatic steatosis and insulin resistance should be performed in the future, the researchers noted.

For the study, published in the American Journal of Physiology — Endocrinology and Metabolism, the team examined two groups of mice. One group was kept awake for six hours each night (“sleep deprivation”), while the control group was allowed to sleep as desired. The team offered unlimited high-fat food and sugar water — mimicking lifestyle-related food choices that people make — to both groups prior to the study. During the sleep/wake period, the animals also had limited opportunity for physical activity.

[“source=hindustantimes”]

Smartphone Users in India Consuming 1GB Data a Day on Average: Nielsen

Smartphone Users in India Consuming 1GB Data a Day on Average: Nielsen

Smartphone users in India are consuming an average 1GB data per day – from an average 4GB a month not long ago – and spending more than 90 minutes on online activities daily across the entry-level, mid-range and premium segments, a Nielsen India report said on Thursday. Additionally, the report said the average selling price of mobile phones is rising too thanks to growing demand for affordable smartphones.

India has emerged among the most preferred smartphone markets in the world owing to affordable handset prices and low-cost data penetration, triggering a huge replacement demand among the customers across segments, the Nielsen Smartphone 2018 report added.

“The advent of high-speed 4G Internet, less-expensive mobile handsets and a correction in call data charges have encouraged the speedy adoption of smartphones in India,” said Abhijit Matkar, Director-Technology IPG – Nielsen India.

To meet the demand of the mass market, new Chinese and Indian handset makers have launched affordable handsets which are under Rs. 5,000.

“This sudden influx of affordable smartphones created a whole segment of new consumers who either upgraded from feature phones or were new mobile users altogether,” Matkar said in a statement.

When it comes to app usage, chat and VoIP apps dominate usage across customer segment followed by browser apps.

Interestingly, uTorrent Beta app dominates across categories when it comes of consumption of data, followed by YouTube across customer segments, the findings showed.

The smartphone users spend more than 90 minutes a day on online activities while the premium segment takes the usage up to 130 minutes per day.

“The price of handsets and data is emerging as a remarkable surrogate for monitoring the ever-widening set of users and their smartphone usage, thereby facilitating business and marketing strategy for better return on investment (ROI)”, Matkar added.

Despite the availability of economically-priced smartphones, average smartphone prices are still increasing.

“In fact, the average cost has steadily risen from about Rs. 7,700 in 2015 to about Rs. 10,000 in 2017,” said the report.

The appetite for data consumption has risen over the last 15 to 18 months. The highest engagement occurs on apps that consume a lot of data like Facebook, WhatsApp Messenger, Instagram, and Google Chrome, the report added.

[“Source-gadgets.ndtv”]